Title: The DBMS must use multifactor authentication for local access to privileged accounts.
Vulnerability ID: V-32445
IA Controls: None
Description: Multifactor authentication is defined as using two or more factors to achieve authentication.
(i) Something a user knows (e.g., password/PIN);
(ii) Something a user has (e.g., cryptographic identification device, token); or
(iii) Something a user is (e.g., biometric).
A privileged account is defined as an information system account with authorizations of a privileged user.
Local Access is defined as access to an organizational information system by a user (or process acting on behalf of a user) communicating through a direct connection without the use of a network.
The lack of multifactor authentication makes it much easier for an attacker to gain unauthorized access to a system.
Check Text: Review DBMS settings to determine whether users logging into privileged accounts locally are required to use multifactor authentication. If users logging into privileged accounts locally are not required to use multifactor authentication, this is a finding.
Fix Text: Configure DBMS settings to require multifactor authentication for local users logging into privileged accounts.[divider]