Title: Administrative privileges must be assigned to database accounts via database roles.
Vulnerability ID: V-32232
IA Controls: None
Description: Applications employ the concept of least privilege for specific duties and information systems (including specific functions, ports, protocols, and services). The concept of least privilege is also applied to information system processes, ensuring that the processes operate at privilege levels no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions and/or functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and information system accounts as necessary to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege concepts to the design, development, implementation, and operations of information systems.
Privileges granted outside the role of the application user job function are more likely to go unmanaged or without oversight for authorization. Maintenance of privileges using roles defined for discrete job functions offers improved oversight of application user privilege assignments and helps to protect against unauthorized privilege assignment.
Check Text: Review administrative accounts for direct privilege assignment. If any administrative privileges have been assigned directly to a database account, this is a finding.
Fix Text: Create roles for administrative function assignments. Assign the necessary privileges for the administrative functions to a role.
Assign administrative roles to authorized administrative users.[divider]